Covishield vs Sputnik V vs Covaxin: India has been fighting coronavirus for a year now. The deadly virus has been getting stronger day by day. As a result of it, India has approved three vaccines to be used for its inoculation drive which started on January 16. The three vaccines which are approved by the Health Ministry of India are Covishield from Serum Institute of India’s (SII), Bharat Biotech’s Covaxin, and Sputnik V from Russia. The Covaxin and Covishield vaccines are available since January in India, whereas Russia’s Sputnik V got the approval in last week by the Indian Government and now it will be distributed by Dr Reddy’s Laboratories in India. Following this, Russia’s Sputnik V became the second most expensive coronavirus vaccine available in India.
While the Serum Institute of India (SII’s) Covishield is developed by the Oxford University and pharma major AstraZeneca, the Covaxin has been developed by India’s Bharat Biotech in association with the ICMR- Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). Russia’s Sputnik V has been developed by Moscow-based Gamaleya Research Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology.
As the vaccination drive is going on in India, there are a lot of myths and buzzes that surround the use of vaccines, their price, efficiency, and side effects. With the help of this article, all your myths and buzzes regarding vaccines will be solved.
The Efficiency Rate of Vaccines- Sputnik V, Covishield & Covaxin
Recently, Russia’s Sputnik V is approved by the Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI). The vaccine has an efficacy rate of 91.6 %. It has a high response in controlling the severity of the virus.
Whereas Bharat Biotech’s Covaxin has been recently found to counteract against the UK variant and it has an efficacy rate of over 78 – 81%
In comparison to this SII’s Covishield vaccine, has an efficacy rate of over 70.4%. The efficacy of this vaccine could reach up to 90% if the doses of this vaccine are taken weeks apart.
Possible side effects of these three vaccines
Although the side effects of these vaccines become less intense in few weeks. All three vaccines are different and they depend on person to person.
According to a Lancet study in February 2021, the side effects of Russia’s Sputnik V includes:
- Pain at the injection area
- Flu-like illness
The side effects of Covaxin include:
- Redness, pain, and swelling at the injection site
- Sweating or chills
- Malaise, body ache
- Nausea and vomiting
- Itching and rashes
The side effects of Covishield are somewhat similar to Covaxin:
- Pain at the injection site
- Moderate to high fever
- Drowsiness and lethargy
- Arm stiffness
- Body ache and pain
Cost of Covishield, Covaxin and Sputnik V
- Covishield: The Serum Institute of India had first launched this vaccine at Rs 150 for the Central government, at Rs 400 for state governments, and at Rs 600 for private hospitals. However, later the price was reduced to 25% by the company for state governments and is now selling its vaccine at Rs 300 to state governments. Meanwhile, the prices for the center and private hospitals have not been changed.
- Covaxin: This vaccine is a bit expensive as compared to Covishield. For state governments, the vaccine is being priced at Rs 400, earlier which has been priced at Rs 600, however for private hospitals and facilities, it has been priced at Rs 1,200. Bharat Biotech is selling the Covaxin at Rs 150 to the Central government.
- Sputnik V: Dr Reddy’s Laboratories in association with Apollo Hospitals are selling this vaccine at Rs 1,250 (including the administration charges). However, currently Sputnik V is being imported at a price of Rs 948 a dose, and with a 5 per cent GST, the cost of the vaccine becomes Rs 995.40.
Covishield vs Sputnik V vs Covaxin: FAQs
Question: Which vaccine has the highest level of efficiency to fight against COVID-19?
Ans. In India, the Sputnik V vaccine has turned out to be the most effective. It has an efficacy rate of 91.6%.
Question: Who developed the Covaxin vaccine?
Ans. It is developed by Bharat Biotech.
Question: When did the vaccination drive start in India?
Ans. The vaccination drive took place on January 16 in India.
Question: What is the cost of Sputnik V?
Ans. With GST, the total cost of Sputnik V is Rs.995.40.
Question: What are the common side effects of Covaxin?
Ans. The common side effects of this vaccine are headache, swelling, redness, pain at the injection area, etc.